Tuesday June 15, 2021
Welcome back Grade 12 biology students!
Your slide presentation needs a visual which in turn needs to be cited in APA. In this situation you need to reference the source of the visual and unfortunately stating Google Images as the source will not suffice.
Simply put, you may NOT cite Google. It is a search engine, not a source. You have to dig deeper to cite images that are found through Google.
Where to Look?
Having said that, there are lots of places, including Google, to look for images or illustrations for this assignment that are covered by Creative Common licenses which means that you can share and edit the material as long as you give appropriate credit sometimes also called “attribution.” There are sources for images that are “public use” according to Creative Commons licensing such as:
- Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/
- Google Advanced Image Search allows you so filter results by usage rights (e.g., free to use or share): https://www.google.com/advanced_image_search
How to Format?
Visit the Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue to see what they have to say about formatting your image.
Here is the format:
Creator’s last name, Creator’s first name initial. (Year of publication). Title of image [type of image]. Source. URL (hyperlink removed) (you may add the Creative Commons licence here if there is one. e.g. CC BY-NC.)
Here is an actual example:
Ryan, S. (2019). [Sea smoke on Lake Michigan] [Photograph] New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/world/year-in-pictures.html
What happens if:
1) the image has no creator: go to the title
2) the image doesn’t have a title: describe the image and put that description in square brackets in italics
3) if the image has no date: put [n.d.] after the creator (if there is one) and title/description
Here is a brief video from Humber College that is helpful if you want to use an image but have little information.
Images are treated as figures in APA Style. Therefore, the citation for the source of the image is included as a footnote in the figure caption underneath the image which includes the figure number and a description. The source of the image obtained is attributed using the following model:
Figure 1. Blah blah blah. From Title of Image, by Author, Year. Retrieved from URL.
Figure 1. Photograph of a sculpture in Cupertino, California. From Infinite Loop II by Kurafire (2007, January 3). Retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/kurafire/343629962/.